Development of industrial safety, scope and magnitude of the problem. The operating environment; Safety regulations. Burning of gases. Mechanisms of flame propagation. Fire and explosion, limits of flammability. Industrial fire protection. Toxicity and toxicology. Labeling  and identification of hazardous materials, storage facilities. Causes of oil pollution: blowout, pipeline and pipeline and flowline leakages, sour gas production, sea transportation hazards, need for oil spill prevention and control: Mechanical, chemical and biological Global pollution problems: Government regulations and contingency plans. Clean Nigerian/Association (CAN) and other interested bodies.

 

      

Level of Study: 500 Level