Historical background on origin of life; Theories accounting for origin of life; Animal

family tree; Human population and growth; Mans impact on the biosphere –atmospheric

climate, aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. Biodiversity, faunal biodiversity.

Invertebrata; General account of the Protozoa, Coelenterata, Platyhelminthes, Nematoda,

Annelida, Mollusca, Arthropoda and Echinodermata. Vertebrata; Introduction to

Protochordata- Hemichordata,Urochordata and Cephalochordata; Pisces, Amphibia,

Reptilia, Aves, Mammalia. Mammalian anatomy; anatomy of Rattus spp.

Level of Study: 100 Level