Inter-relationships of sugars. Stereochemistry of sugars.

 Hexoses, Petoses, Disaccharides, Starch, Glycogen and Polysaccharide


Methods of identifying sugars.


Carbohydrate digestion and absorption.

 Glycolysis, TCA cycle, Pentose Phosphate Pathway, Glyoxylate pathway, Gluconeogenesis and Glycogenesis

 Energy generation and storage in biological systems. Disorders of carbohydrate metabolism

  Mitochondria Electron Transport Chain and oxidative phosphorylation.

The pyruvate and alpha ketoglutarate complexes and their regulation


Digestion, absorption and Metabolism of lipids.

 Role of lipoprotein in lipid transport.

Metabolism of lipoprotein in health and disease.

 Oxidation of Triacylglycerol and fatty acids. Storage and mobilization of energy stores in adepocytes. Ketone bodies and ketosis

 Inter-relationship of fatty acid and carbohydrate biosynthesis/oxidation.

 Biological importance of eicosanoids, glycolipids and sphingolipids. The chemistry of steroids and steroid hormones

Level of Study: 200 Level