Leucocytes and platelet antigen and antibody. Auto-immunization: IgA, IgG, IgM antibodies. National Blood Transfusion Service. Preparation of commercial quantities of polyclonal antisera. Principles, uses and techniques of producing monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies. Types of blood substitutes and preservations. Preparations of blood products. WHO standards in BGS. Red cells membrane structure in relation to blood antigen locations.


Level of Study: 500 Level