Definition of counselling, care and support, types of counselling: pre-test and post-test, prevention, primary or secondary. Crisis management, problem solving, decision making, couple, spiritual and pastoral counselling. Who needs counselling. Prospect/benefits of counselling, constraints in counselling, rewarding, overview of communication/listening skills. Prevention and management of conflicts. Genetic counselling including sickle cell trait in marriage, blood donation campaign, HIV infection etc. Case studies.