Fundamental Operations in weighing: Errors in using dispensing balances: minimum weighable amounts and weighing techniques; conical and beaker shaped measures for dispensing liquids: errors in measurements and measuring techniques. Household measures and weighing of small amounts of materials.
Ethics of Dispensing and presentation of products: General dispensing procedure: the
prescription: information given on the labels of dispensed medicines. Presentation of
information on labels; additional labels. Pharmaceutical Calculation: percentage, proportional
calculations and alligation: Calculations involving very small quantities.
Types of Pharmaceutical Proportional calculations and alligation: Calculations involving very small quantities.
Types of Pharmaceutical Preparation: Solutions, mixtures, linctuses, syrups, elixirs, oral liquids, emulsions, applications, lotions gargles, mouthwashes, nasal and ear drops. Divided and bulk powders, granules, cachets, capsules and tablets, etc.
Pharmaceutical solution and solubility: Factors affecting solubility and rate of solution: solutions of liquids in liquids; The distribution of solutes between immiscible liquids and applications of the distribution law in pharmacy; Colligative Properties of solutions.
Phase eqilibra: The phase rule; Systms of one and two components and applications in pharmacy, e.g. eutectic mixture and sublimation (freeze) drying.
PCT 201 Practical Pharmaceutics (Dispensing) I (1 Credit, 45hrs)
Schedule 1: Preparation of mixtures
Schedule 2: Preparation of syrups, elixirs and linctuses
Schedule 3: Preparation of lotions and liniments
Schedule 4: Preparation of collodions and paints
Schedule 5: Preparation of gargles, inhalations nasal drops
Schedule 6: Preparation of enemas and irrigations
Schedule 7: Preparation of Powders.