Natural and forced convection; Forced convection in steady two-dimensional laminar boundary. Forced convection in pipes and ducts. Turbulence. Free convection. Two-phase connection.

Thermal radiation: Steffan-Boltzmann law. Black and grey bodies. Net radiation between a solid body and its surroundings. Solar energy. Combined heat transfer. Heat t ransfer with change of phase.

Extended sources. Heat exchangers; Effectiveness, Analytical relation to capacity-rate ratio and … number of transfer units in parallel and counter-flow. Selection criteria. Converter applications.


Level of Study: 500 Level