Quantity: Population forecasting and per capital consumption, water requirements for domestic, public, commercial, industrial and agricultural purposes. Water distribution networks analysis and design. Theory and laboratory evaluation for the design and operation of unit operation and processes Application of basic principles of sanitary engineering and hydraulics to the design of water distribution and treatment systems.

        Collection: Rainwater from roofs, determination of storage capacity for small individual supplies, surface water from reservoirs, rivers, intake structures; groundwater; transmission conduits.

         Treatment: Flow diagrams for the treatment of surface and ground water, preliminary treatment, screening coagulation, flocculation and sedimentation.  Slow sand, rapid sand, and pressure filters. Disinfection; water softening, iron and manganese removal; chemical for water treatment.

          Distribution: Storage tanks and service reservoirs. Mains, pipelines, and distribution network. Valves, meters and services pipes. Pumps and pumping stations.

          Laboratory and course work.

         Economy of Water Projects: Assessment of Economic Viability of water projects (which are capital intensive), using such methods as: Benefit Cost Ratio; Internal Rate of Return; Short

term rate method, etc. Appraisal of financial implications of water projects before commencement of their implementation.


Level of Study: 500 Level